Estimated reading time: 8 minutes
The Git integration feature is based on EGit. You can refer to http://wiki.eclipse.org/EGit/User_Guide for a detailed user guide regarding EGit.
What is Git?
Git is a powerful and popular system for version control. It is one of the essential tools for collaboration in software development teams. If your Katalon Studio automation project involves several or more members, you should use Git or another source control system for managing change and configuration on your project. Below are several specific benefits of using Git for your Katalon Studio projects.
- Git allows undoing mistakes
- The undo ability gives project teams the courage to try out ideas and concepts without worrying about the risk of breaking stuff, and thus, fosters a culture of innovation.
- Git makes the team progress clearer
- A commit in Git refers to a change in automation scripts that a team member makes, indicating the progress of tasks.
- Git supports comparing versions of code to show differences between commits. It is useful to review a commit before it officially becomes final.
- Git supports working offline
- Being to work offline makes your team more fail-safe. Each member can perform everything on his/her computer, independent from possible infrastructure downtime.
- Never losing data ever again
- As daily work can be committed to the remote Git server, every team member working on a project has a full-fledged copy on his/her machine, including the project's complete change history.
- If any backup breaks down: restore it using any team member's local repository or Git repository.
With Git, a repository can be shared to multiple members in a team to help to improve the team's collaboration and productivity.
Katalon Studio integration with Git introduction
Git Integration is a powerful feature of Katalon Studio for collaboration between team members in test automation projects using Git. This tutorial presents a typical workflow for Git integration with Katalon Studio:
- Enable Git Integration: To access all Git features, you need to enable Git Integration first. The option is available in the following settings: Katalon Studio > Preferences > Katalon > Git. Once enabled, you can start using Git at Katalon Studio's main toolbar.
2. Now the Git integration feature should be enabled. We are ready to use Git from Katalon Studio.
- Advanced configurations are available at Katalon Studio> Preferences > Team > Git in case you want specific settings.
Clone a Katalon Studio project from a Git repository
After enabling Git Integration, you can clone an existing Git repository into a newly-created directory on the local machine.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Clone Project.
The Source Git Repository dialog is displayed.
Connecting to Git with HTTPS
Enter all required information and click Next to let Katalon Studio get details about your repository.
- Repository URL: the remote URL to your Git repository in HTTPS protocol.
- Username: the username to access the Git repository.
- Password: the password to access the Git repository.
If you cannot access the repository after clicking Next, the connection may have issues with SSL verification. You can use below command to bypass SSL verification (NOT recommended):
git config --global http.sslVerify false
Connecting to Git with SSH Keys
Starting from version 7.0.0, Katalon Studio supports connecting to Git with SSH Keys.
- Generating a public/private rsa key pair with this command:
ssh-keygen -m PEM -t rsa -b 2048 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
Note: Katalon Studio only supports
- Enter file in which to save the key.
- Enter the SSH key passphrase and confirm it.
- Add your SSH key to the ssh-agent.
- Add a new SSH key to your Git account.
In the Source Git Repository dialog, enter a repository URL with SSH Protocol and click Next.
Enter the passphrase for the key generated above.
At Branch Selection screen, you can choose which branches to be checked out as local branches. Click Next to continue.
At Local Destination dialog, specify the local location for cloning as well as the initial branch.
- Directory: the local storage location you want to store your Git's repository.
- Initial branch: all selected branches from the previous step are displayed here. Select the branch to be used initially from this list.
Click Finish when you are done. Katalon Studio automatically opens your cloned project.
To verify settings, go to Katalon Studio> Preferences > Team > Git > Configurations > Repository Settings. Ensure that the repository is selected correctly with the URL specified.
Publish a local non-Git project as a Git repository
Share Project is a step to enable Git configuration for your new Katalon Studio project.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Share Project.
Folder .git and file .gitignore are created within the Katalon project.
.gitignoretells Git which files (or patterns) it should ignore. By default, .gitignore contains these files and patterns:
/bin /Libs .settings .classpath /.svn
The Commit option allows users to view all current changes and decide which changes to be stored in the local branch. Refer to https://git-scm.com/docs/git-commit for detailed Git documentation regarding Commit command.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Commit.
The Git Staging tab is displayed for configuration. Where:
Field Description Unstaged Changes Changes which have been made. Staged Changes Selected changes from Unstaged Changes. These changes are committed.
From the Unstaged Changes list, select the changes to be committed, then right-click on them and select Add To Index. Selected changes are added to the Staged Changes list.
Enter your comments into the Commit Message then click on Commit to store your staged changes into the local branch.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Manage Branches > New Branch.
The Create Branch dialog is displayed. Where:
Field Description Source
Select either remote or local branch, which is your source branch.
Branch name The name to be used for the new branch. Checkout new branch Option to let Katalon Studio checkout that branch after created.
Click Finish to create a new branch.
The Checkout Branch option allows you to switch from one branch to another.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Manage Branches > Checkout Branch.
The Select Source dialog is displayed. Select the local branch you want to check out to be the current branch. The branch with an √ icon is your current local branch.
Click OK to finish checking out to the new local branch.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Manage Branches > Delete Branch.
In this dialog, both local and remote branches are displayed. Select a branch to be deleted then click OK.
Retrieve all information about changes that have occurred in remote branches. Refer to https://git-scm.com/docs/git-fetch for detailed Git documentation regarding Fetch command
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Fetch.
It automatically fetches remote branches, tags, and remote changes.
Select History from the main toolbar.
Details regarding all the branches and tags you've just fetched are displayed.
Incorporate changes from a remote repository into the current branch. Refer to https://git-scm.com/docs/git-pull for detailed Git documentation regarding Pull command.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Pull.
In the Pull dialog, select the remote branch to be pulled into your local branch. Click Finish.
The Pull Result dialog is displayed with all data about pulling requests on the selected branch.
Update the remote branch using the local branch. Refer to https://git-scm.com/docs/git-push for detailed Git documentation regarding Push command.
Before doing any push, you have to commit your changes first.
From the main toolbar, select the Git icon > Push.
The Push to Branch dialog is displayed. Choose from the Remote branch list which branch to be updated (All remote branches in your Git repository are listed here).
Click Next after finished selecting your remote branch.
If you enter a different name besides the listed branches, a new remote branch with that name is created accordingly.
The Push Confirmation Dialog is displayed with details regarding your commit. Click on Finish to push your commits to the remote repository.